Ba Jioa Gui

If you have a gambling addiction then you may very well become a one of these spirits.

Ba jioa gui are the spirits of those whose deaths are somehow connected to their gambling debts, be it through suicide or murder. The spirit takes on an ugly form and appears at night beneath banana trees, otherwise known as nature's blackjack tables. It should be noted that appearances of this type of ghosts spiked in 1995, showing a direct correlation to theatrical release of the film Casino.

Stories exist of people who, completely unaware of cruel irony, attempt to contact the ghost for winning lottery numbers by tying a red string around the base of the banana tree and their bed. The ghost is then said to appear that night and offer the numbers but in exchange the person must set them free. Inability to do so results in a tragic death immediately after winning the lottery.

E Gui

Despite sounding like the name of a secondary Street Fighter character, E Gui is actually a ghost, more commonly known as a hungry ghost.

As stated earlier, the type of life you lead while you were among the living affects what form you take on after you've died. In this instance, the hungry ghost is pretty close to the bottom of the totem pole, serving as a punishment for killing, theft, and sexual-misconduct. The punishment is taken on in three forms: a spirit with a neck so long and narrow that it cannot eat, another with a mouth so foul it cannot ingest anything and another with a mouth of flame, setting fire to anything that it may eat or drink. Of course, that's only if you die with money. If you're broke then you're still hungry but you get to eat from time to time. There's a bit of a Robin Hood sense of justice to the whole thing.

Early stories of hungry ghosts tell of cruel people abusing monks. For example, one monk approached a wealthy man for some juice to treat an illness. Rather than do it himself, the man left it up to his wife, who made the totally logical decision to piss in the bowl first.

The monk was able to tell the difference between pee medicine and non-pee medicine and she was reborn as a hungry ghost.

There's an entire festival surrounding hungry ghosts believed to be the only day of the year when all such spirits are released from Hell and granted time to walk the earth. During the festival, people make offerings to deceased ancestors and put on live entertainment with chairs reserved specifically for spirits. They even burn a currency known as Hell money for the spirits to use when they return. Just because it's Hell doesn't mean you can't live comfortably.

Jiang Shi

Jiang shi isn't a ghost in the traditional sense because it's actually vampire, but not in the traditional sense of the word “vampire” because it's actually a zombie, but not in the traditional sense of being a zombie. It is, however, a traditional piece of folklore. Also, tradition.

Jiang shi come generally come about in one of two ways: an improper burial or when the soul flat-out refuses to leave the body and instead reanimates the corpse. However, this can take many years, if not decades, so when a jiang shi returns it is usually covered in green and white mold and wearing clothes from an older period.

The reanimated the corpse is still stiff, rendering mobility difficult. Thus, they must hop to attack the living, making for the most unintentionally hilarious murder scene ever. It's sometimes believed that the corpses were taught to hop by priests so the body could return to its hometown for burial. However, it probably wasn't their intention to create such a unique version of humor and terror.

Nu Gui

Nu gui can be read as a blanket term referring to certain types of vengeful female ghosts.

According to legend, a woman who commits suicide while wearing a red dress will return to the realm of the living as a spirit wearing a white dress. At what point she decides to change her outfit is uncertain but there's a good chance that somewhere in limbo you can find a dry cleaner. Anyway, in folklore the color red is usually applied to revenge, so if you ever see a corpse in a red dress it may be in your best interest to turn around and walk very, very quickly.

Stories involving nu gui usually have the woman meet with some form of abuse or injustice while she's still alive. When she returns as a spirit, her mission is to simply seek revenge on those who wronged her. A common urban legend tells of families dressing up the body of a deceased daughter or sister in a red dress with the hopes that she will rise from the grave hungry for justice.

Yuan Gui

What happens when you take a nu gui and completely remove the kick-ass? Yuan gui happens, and it's a bit depressing.

An early Chinese belief saw spirits as not immediately being reincarnated. Sometimes they would need to wait before entering the underworld and thus would remain among the living until their time had come. Such is the yuan gui, but with a twist; yuan gui have suffered a wrongful death and simply won't shut up about it.

While waiting for their turn to give it up to Jesus, the yuan gui roams the earth depressed (because being dead simply isn't enough) and constantly seeking to have their story told. They whine and whine and whine until someone actually gives a damn, then they whine some more until something is actually done about it.

Stories focusing on these spirits involve them searching for a kind person that they can direct to clues that would ultimately tell their story and put them at peace.

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During the war in Vietnam, thousands of people in the Vietnamese province of Cu Chi lived in an elaborate network of underground tunnels. The tunnels were used by Viet Cong guerrillas as hiding spots during combat, as well as serving as communication and supply routes, hospitals, food and weapon caches and living quarters for numerous guerrilla fighters. The tunnel systems were of great importance to the Viet Cong in their resistance to American forces, and played a major role in North Vietnam winning the war.

The Cu Chi tunnels were built over a period of 25 years that began sometime in the late 1940s during the war against the French. The excavations were used mostly for communication between villages and to evade French army sweeps of the area. When the National Liberation Front (NLF) insurgency began around 1960, the old tunnels were repaired and new extensions were excavated. Within a few years the tunnel system assumed enormous strategic importance, and most of Cu Chi district and the nearby area came under firm Viet Cong control.

The secret tunnels, which joined village to village and often passes beneath American bases, were not only fortifications for Viet Cong guerillas, but were also the center of community life. Hidden beneath the destroyed villages were underground schools and public spaces where couples were married and private places where lovers met. There were even theaters inside the tunnels where performers entertained with song and dance and traditional stories.

But life in the tunnels was difficult. Air, food and water were scarce and the tunnels were infested with ants, poisonous centipedes, scorpions, spiders and vermin. Most of the time, guerrillas would spend the day in the tunnels working or resting and come out only at night to scavenge for supplies, tend their crops or engage the enemy in battle. Sometimes, during periods of heavy bombing or American troop movement, they would be forced to remain underground for many days at a time. Sickness was rampant among the people living in the tunnels, especially malaria, which was the second largest cause of death next to battle wounds. Almost everyone had intestinal parasites of significance. Only about 6,000 of the 16,000 cadres who fought in the tunnels survived the war.

Throughout the course of the war, the tunnels in Ch Chi proved to be a source of frustration for the U.S. military in Saigon. The US and Australian tried a variety of methods to detect and infiltrate the tunnels but all were met with failure. Large scale ground operations involving tens of thousands of troops were launched. They ravaged rice paddies, bulldozed huge swathes of jungle, and villages were evacuated and razed. The Americans also sprayed chemical defoliants on the area aerially and a few months later ignited the tinder-dry vegetation with gasoline and napalm. By a strange twist of fate, the intense heat of the napalm interacted with the wet tropical air only to create cloudbursts that extinguished the fires. The Viet Cong guerrillas remained safe and sound inside their tunnels.

Unable to win the battle with chemicals, the US army began sending men called ‘tunnel rats’ down into the tunnels. Armed only with a gun, a knife, a flashlight and a piece of string these tunnel rats would enter a tunnel by themselves and travel inch-by-inch cautiously looking ahead for booby traps. The job of a tunnel rat was fraught with immense dangers. The entrance holes in the ground were barely wide enough for the shoulders. After a couple of meters of slipping and wriggling straight down, the narrow tunnel took a U-turn back towards the surface, then twisted again before heading off horizontally further. The light from the battery powered lamp wasn’t enough to pierce the darkness inside the tunnels, and there was no room to turn around and retreat. The tunnel rats, who were often involved in underground fire fights, sustained appallingly high casualty rates.

The Americans then began using German shepherd dogs trained to use their keen sense of smell to locate trapdoors and guerrillas. The tunnel people responded by washing themselves with American soap which gave off a scent the canines identified as friendly. Captured US uniforms were put out to confuse the dogs further. Most importantly, the dogs were not able to spot booby traps. So many dogs were killed or maimed that their horrified handlers then refused to send them into the tunnels.

Finally, by the late 1960s, the American began carpet bombing Cu Chi destroying several portions of the tunnels along with everything else around. The gesture was militarily useless by then because the USA was already on its way out of the war. The tunnels had served their purpose.

The 120-km long complex of tunnels at Cu Chi has since been preserved and turned into a war memorial park. The tunnels are a popular tourist attraction, and visitors are invited to crawl around in the safer parts of the tunnel system. Some tunnels have been made larger to accommodate the larger size of Western tourists, while low-power lights have been installed in several of them to make traveling through them easier and booby traps have been clearly marked. Underground conference rooms where campaigns such as the Tet Offensive were planned in 1968 have been restored, and visitors may enjoy a simple meal of food that Viet Cong fighters would have eaten.

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A storm coming

And now a sandstorm

Consider how the winds turn in a fascinating way

It is dangerous and fascinating at the same time

Molten rock can “ooze” out of the soil

A beautiful water fall

Its really frightening

Oceans also hold many wonders

Fungi hatch with an explosions

Just like a geysers 

Beautiful wave curves

Dazzling colors of Auroras

Or those colors there

Starry Night can even look like this

With a little patience, Earth can reveal different kinds of treasures

Because our planet is humid

Dust storm

Night Sky Changes To Daylight 

And because the Earth breathes just like us

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